This search is conducted on the applicant’s social security number in order to identify current and previous addresses. This is done only to identify counties where the applicant has lived in, and where the prospective employer may search for felony and misdemeanor records. A Social Security number trace makes use of “credit header” information, the non-confidential top portion of an individual’s credit history. Meaning each time a person uses their Social Security number to apply for credit (home loan, student loan, cell phone, credit card, rent, etc.) the address associated with each credit application is tracked and becomes a part of the applicants address history. Upon completion of the Social Security Trace the employer will then have an idea of which counties they would like to search in for criminal activity. When reviewing the Social Security trace the employer should pay close attention to the reporting dates of each county (An employer shouldn’t search in a county that was reported older than 7 years).
Also, the employer should make sure that a time range has been established in a certain jurisdiction.