Certain industries require specific searches to be conducted on prospective employees. For instance, we stress the importance of screening applicants for tuberculosis that will be handling food or caring for the elderly/children. We also recommend employment physicals for companies that are in labor intensive industries, like construction, public safety, and manufacturing. Employers can’t ask about an applicant’s physical well being on an employment application due to the Americans with Disabilities Act. However, employers must ensure that the applicant can meet the minimum requirements for the job being sought. The solution: employment physicals. The applicant is sent to a medical facility with an authorization form provided by the background screening company. The applicant is then screened by a medical doctor to look for any physical limitations or pre-existing conditions that would prevent them from performing their duties. Once the exam is complete the doctor will provide the results to the background screening company (“pass” or “fail”) based on the employers criteria. To maintain compliance with HIPPA regulations, full exam information is not provided to the background screening company.