For each “tip of the month” this year we will focus on 12 different recommendations for creating a non-discriminatory employment background screening program.
When an employer decides to hire or promote an employee they should have a non-discriminatory legally compliant background screening program in place. Not only does this help employers ensure they are hiring the right person for the position, it also limits exposure to negligent hiring claims.
For this month we will focus on the question, “what are the legal ramifications or restrictions for conducting background checks?”
All employment background screening reports must comply with Federal Law (FCRA) and state law where applicable. The Fair Credit Reporting Act states that only certain information can be contained on an employment screening report. For example, bankruptcies that are older than 10 years are not reportable on an employment credit report. Criminal convictions that have been disposed (meaning a verdict was given in the case) that are older than 7 years are not reportable on an employment background screening report.
- Only records that have resulted in a conviction or “no contest” plea are reportable
- Records are reportable up to 7 years from the disposition date (When the case was disposed)
- Bankruptcies and Collection accounts are reportable up to 10 years
- If a criminal case resulted in a prison sentence then the 7 year period will start from the date the applicant was released from prison
- Criminal Records are indexed by a name and date of birth match